President Roosevelt created the original Social Security program in 1935 during the height of the Great Depression to help Americans deal with the unemployment and poverty of the decade. This program is the most common. It provides retirement benefits based on how long a person has worked and how much money that worker has paid into the Social Security system via payroll taxes.
The government has created other forms of Social Security over the years. Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) began in the 1950s. Its aim was (and still is) to provide cash benefits to workers who get hurt and are unable to work. Most workers who qualified for SSDI in its initial years were engaged in blue-collar type work, positions involving grueling physical labor and dangerous conditions. Verifying these workers’ claims was easy, as their injuries were easy visible. For more difficult afflictions, a Tulsa Social Security disability lawyer may be necessary.
As the decades passed, the Social Security Administration (SSA) saw more and more applications from people suffering from mental illnesses, typically more difficult to diagnose than injuries in the past. In fact, it was President Reagan in 1984 who passed a law that made it easier for people suffering from mental illnesses to receive SSDI benefits.
In the 1970s, President Nixon created the Supplemental Security Income (SSI). SSI provides benefits to Americans over 65, or who are blind or disabled, and who meet the program’s income requirements. The disability determination for SSI is similar to that of SSDI. A Tulsa Social Security disability attorney can assist applicants in determining qualification for benefits under one of Social Security’s programs.